Israel’s Kings & Prophets

click for larger view

click for larger view

click for larger view

I posted earlier that I am reading through my Archeological Study Bible in chronological order. In other words, I’m reading the books of the Bible not in the order they appear, but in order of the historic events they cover.

One challenging point in history is the divided kingdoms of Israel (the 10 northern tribes) and Judah (the 2 southern tribes). What makes it challenging when reading straight through the Bible is the history is covered in 1 and 2 Kings and then again in 1 and 2 Chronicles. In the midst of these kingdoms, several prophets are sent by God. Some of these prophets only have their words recorded in Kings or Chronicles, while others have their words recorded elsewhere in the Bible (usually the book name is the prophet’s name).

In trying to keep all of these people and messages clear in my mind, I have put together a list of all the kings and prophets during the period of the divided kingdom (roughly 931-586 BC).

You can click the picture above to get a larger view, or you can download a PDF copy by clicking here → Kings of Israel & Judah ←

**UPDATE: several people pointed out some tweaks I needed to make to this chart, and I am grateful for the input! This is the revised copy as of August 28, 2017.**  

**UPDATE #2: a few more tweaks … this is the revised version as of July 31, 2014.**

**UPDATE #3: I have posted a chart zooming in on the chronology of the Old Testament prophets which I recreated from the Archeological Study Bible. You can read it and download it by clicking here.**

A couple of notes:

  • Prophets who also have their words recorded in a book that bears their name are listed in bold italics.
  • The “start / finish” designation for each of the kings is clearly my subjective opinion.
  • Sometimes you will see dates for two kings’ reigns that overlap. These are where there was a co-regency (that is a father and son ruling simultaneously).
  • The prophets that are listed under the Israel side after Israel had gone into captivity are the prophets that God was using to speak to the Israelites in exile.
  • As always, I am grateful for the biblical resources at, which is also a great place to do your daily Bible reading.

**UPDATE #4: I continue to do more research and get feedback from people far wiser than me … the latest version is dated August 28, 2017.

**UPDATE #5: The original chart stopped when Israel and Judah went into captivity. I have now added another line to show the prophets who continued to prophesy to both the exiles in Babylon, as well as to those who returned to Israel later.

**Update #6: Scholars are unsure of the date of Obadiah. We know that it took place after invaders had caused problems in Judah (Obadiah 11)—and Edom responded in a way that angered God. Some scholars place this date after Nebuchadnezzar’s conquest of Judah in 586 BC, but since post-exilic prophets always named Nebuchadnezzar or Babylon, I think it’s more likely to have occurred during the reign of Jehoram around 840 BC (see also 2 Chronicles 21:8-10).

I am not a biblical scholar, nor do I have a history degree. This is just a chart I put together to help me in my Bible reading, and I thought it might help someone else too. I would welcome any corrections or clarifications that anyone would offer on this humble work.

32 Responses to “Israel’s Kings & Prophets”

  1. Chart of Israel’s and Judah’s Kings and Prophets | Do You Really Believe? Says:

    […] Blogger Grid member Craig T. Owens (@craigtowens) has created the helpful chart above delineating the Old Testament kings and prophets of Israel and Judah. He says: […]


  2. nylse Says:

    I’m glad you did this; i was trying to come up with a visual for this after reading these books for the 2nd and 3rd times.


    • Craig T. Owens Says:

      My pleasure! It’s definitely a lot easier for me to re-read these histories with a resource like this. Hope it helps you, too.


      • Mike DeSando Says:

        Hi Craig. Blue Letter Bible has a Chronological Bible-in-a-year reading plan which would be a great third source for matching up kings and prophets. You get all of the prophets prophesying to all of the kings in their historical order. For instance, this week I will be reading [in order] 2 Kings 12-13, 2 Chronicles 24, 2 Kings 14, 2 Chronicles 25, Jonah, 2 Kings 15, 2 Chronicles 26, Isaiah 1-8, Amos, 2 Chronicles 27, Isaiah 9-12 …


  3. Shane Colledge Says:

    Hi Craig – thank you for all the work you did on this. A chart like this is surprisingly hard to find. I am co-teaching a “big picture” class on the entire bible at my church. Would you be willing to let me have a copy of the Word or Excel file you did this in originally? I want to present this but slightly modified by adding the core message of each prophet to his audience. I would of course share with you what I come up with and give credit where credit is due. If you’d rather not that’s fine also – thanks again for the valuable resource!

    Liked by 1 person

  4. Bruce Says:

    hey love it…using it in teaching through the story of the bible!

    Liked by 1 person

  5. Davar Says:

    (Joel 800-500 BC)!???


    • Craig T. Owens Says:

      Davar, thanks for bringing up this point. The “c.” in dating is the abbreviation for the Latin word “circa” which means “about” or “around.” Quite simply, Joel doesn’t give us explicit information to help us date his work. The Archeological Study Bible (an excellent resource for Bible study, by the way) says this about the date of the Book of Joel—

      “The book of Joel itself gives no indication of its date of authorship. This is unusual in the Old Testament prophetic literature; most prophets indicated that they preached during the reigns of certain kings (e.g., Hos 1:1; Hag 1:1) or provided other chronological indicators (Am 1:1). The dates suggested for Joel range from the ninth century B.C. (making him the earliest of the writing prophets) to the late postexilic period (making him one of the latest). The following arguments are often raised in the discussion:
      —Joel is the second of the minor prophets, and thus the book is early, since they are roughly presented in chronological order. But there are exceptions to this rule: Obadiah, for example, almost certainly was written later than Micah, and Hosea later than Amos.
      —No kings are mentioned, and therefore the book is postexilic. On the other hand, postexilic prophets sometimes dated their books by Persian kings (Hag 1:1; Zec 1:1). Thus, the non-mention of any king does not imply anything in particular about the book’s date.
      —Joel does mention priests and elders, and therefore the book was written when the nation was governed by these groups rather than by a king, making the book postexilic. However, the elders are mentioned only in a context of calling for ritual lamentation (2:15–17). They are not said to have been in a governing position, and the reference may in fact have been literally to a group of elderly men (1:2). Again, nothing here helps us to date the book.
      —Joel never alludes in any way to the northern kingdom (usually called Israel or Samaria), suggesting that the northern kingdom may no longer have existed and that the book was thus written after the fall of Samaria (722 B.C.)
      —Jerusalem had walls (2:7–9). Thus, the book was written either before its fall (586 B.C.) or late in the postexilic period, after the walls had been restored.
      —Worship was carried out at the temple (2:15–17), indicating that the book was written either before its destruction or after its restoration.
      —All who lived in the land could gather in Jerusalem (1:14). This suggests that the population of the community was relatively small, as in the late preexilic or the postexilic period.
      A few other fine points regarding the language and circumstances of Joel are debated but have produced no consensus.
      All in all, the above considerations speak against a date that was very early, very late or during the exile. Apparently the northern kingdom no longer existed, but the temple was functioning and Jerusalem’s walls were intact. A seventh-century B.C. date seems reasonable, but the fact remains that the book itself does not tell us when it was written.”

      Hope this helps clear things up a bit!


  6. H R Chafin Says:

    Just discovered this fantastic resource today via Bible Gateway…something I’ve been searching for “forever.” I’d like an Excel version for my own study and notes, adding some “what was gong on in the rest of the world” information for my own reference.


  7. Connie Hurd Says:

    Thank you so much, Craig Owens, for putting this together and making it available to others here for free. I am studying to prepare to give a talk on the prophets Amos and Isaiah, as we are starting a Community Bible Study year on these two prophets. Your charts help enormously and I will look at buying “The Archeological Bible” thanks to you.


    • Craig T. Owens Says:

      Connie, I sure do appreciate you sharing this with me. If you enjoy Bible history, I am sure you will enjoy that Archeological Study Bible. I am believing with you that your Bible study on Amos and Isaiah will be life-changing for those involved.


  8. Both Immovable And Flexible | Craig T. Owens Says:

    […] Israel (the 10 northern tribes) was in the final stages of collapse, with kings only serving short spans, idolatry running rampant, and enemies closing in on every side. Isaiah boldly proclaimed that Judah was on the same path unless she repented and turned wholly to God. […]


  9. Robert Ferguson Says:

    Your’e a good man Craig. Thanks for your help.

    Liked by 1 person

  10. Kofi Adu-Boahen Says:

    I’m teaching a Bible class tomorrow and we’ll be doing a survey of the Divided Kingdom. Can I have your permission to run off 10 copies for my class (full credit will be given profusely!)

    Liked by 1 person

  11. Michael McDowell-Hook Says:

    Thank you for posting this. I also started a chart like this but took it all the way back to Adam
    I have a non critical question.
    2 Kings 15:1 says Uzziah reigned in Jerusalem fifty-two years. You have him reigning 767-740. 27 years.
    His son Jotham you have overlapping him 748-732.


    • Craig T. Owens Says:

      Good catch, Michael. There are some difficulties with dates, especially here because of the king’s leprosy and his son serving as co-regent.

      The Archeological Study Bible also wrestles with this difficulty of dating by offering this comment—

      “Jotham of Judah, son and successor to Uzziah, was for sometime cold-regent with his father (2 Kings 15:5). The chronology of his reign is difficult to sort out, as the Biblical synchronisms are not coherent. For example, verse 32 states that Jotham reigned 16 years, whereas verse 30 states that Hoshea of Israel began to reign during Jotham’s twentieth year. It may be that the sixteenth year of Jotham’s reign began in 750 B.C., when he was co-regent with Uzziah, and extended to about 735. He they have remained alive for another few years while his son Ahaz was effectively king, thus allowing the Bible to speak of Jotham’s ‘twentieth year.’”

      Does that help a bit?


      • Michael McDowell-Hook Says:

        I also came to the conclusion that as long as it was there and thereabouts what does it matter. I’m sure I read a scripture somewhere warning about getting sidetracked out of the Bible. If I was a teacher no doubt I’d have chapter and verse. The history buffs seem to be pretty definite about the exile dates and so having got there we go back up the making adjustments. Then they seem pretty definite about King David dates so we come down making adjustments and around about Uzziah they mismatch. I just split the difference.
        The important point for me is to have the background of the prophets so as to understand what God is talking about. I discovered that after I made my chart the Holy Spirit started explaining the Bible to me as I read it and then reading the Bible becomes very interesting indeed. The warnings they received then apply to us right now I think.
        I like your Blog comments btw. The world is a battleground indeed.

        Liked by 1 person

  12. Julie Hofer Says:

    I’m simply a homeschooling mom leading her daughter through World History and Biblical history. We will learn together. Thanks for this information!

    Liked by 1 person

  13. A Minor Introduction | Craig T. Owens Says:

    […] minor prophets cover a span of about 300 years, from 760 BC (Amos) to 450 BC (Malachi). You can check out this side-by-side chart to see where these prophets fit in the history of Judah and […]


  14. N. Gallion Says:

    Thank you. Your chart is very helpful. I would like permission to copy this chart and use it with our adult Bible fellowship group. I appreciate having so much information in one chart, including scripture passages, and prophets. Adding the good/bad for the beginning and end is also helpful.


    • Craig T. Owens Says:

      I’m so glad you like it. Yes, you may use it but please don’t remove the designation at the bottom. If you would like the chart in another format, simply send me your email address and let me know what format you’d like.


  15. Simon Scott Says:

    The chart is great – can I use it, please – and I will happily attribute it to you…


Tell me what you think about this...

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

%d bloggers like this: